Red light therapy (RLT) is a type of photomedicine, a wellness approach that utilizes light of different wavelengths to treat various health conditions. Red light exists in the wavelengths between 620 nanometers (nm) and 750 nm, according to the National Center for Atmospheric Research. Certain wavelengths of light trigger changes in cells that affect how they function for the better, according to the American Society for Laser Medicine & Surgery.
Red light therapy is considered a complementary therapy, meaning it’s meant to be used alongside conventional healthcare and MD-approved treatments. For example, if you have fine lines and wrinkles, you may use red light therapy with dermatologist-directed topicals, such as retinoids, or in-office treatments, such as injectables or lasers. If you have a sports injury, a physical therapist may treat you with red light therapy as well.
One of the issues with red light therapy is that the research is not clear on exactly how and how much of this approach is needed, and how those protocols change depending on what health concern you aim to address. In other words, there needs to be standardization across the board, and such standards have yet to be established by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. That said, according to some research and experts, red light therapy may be a promising complementary therapy for a range of health and skincare issues. Just be sure, as always, to ask your doctor before you start any new treatment.
Here are a few of the possible health benefits red light therapy may bring to your overall healthcare routine.
1. May Address Skin and Hair Concerns, From Acne to Wrinkles
One of the most popular uses of red light therapy is for skin conditions. At-home devices are readily available, and they have become trendy as a result. These are the conditions red light may (and may not) treat.
2. May Lessen Pain
Research is still emerging on red light’s ability to decrease pain in various chronic conditions. “If you use the right dose and protocol, you can use red light to reduce pain and inflammation,” says Praveen Arany, PhD, an associate professor at the University of Buffalo and the interim director of the Center of Excellence for Photobiomodulation at Shepherd University in Shepherdstown, West Virginia.
How so? “There’s a specific protein on the surface of the neuron that when it absorbs light, it reduces the ability of the cell to conduct or perceive pain,” Dr. Arany explains. Past research shows that LLLT may be useful to control pain for those who have neuropathy (nerve pain, which is commonly caused by diabetes, according to the Cleveland Clinic).
When it comes to other issues, such as pain from inflammatory conditions, much of the research is still done on animals, so it’s unclear just how red light therapy may fit into a pain treatment plan for humans.
That said, according to research published October 17, 2018, in Lasers in Medical Science on chronic back pain in people, as well as on temporomandibular disorder (jaw pain and discomfort), published in Medicine in February 2019, red light therapy may be useful in treating pain from a complementary perspective, with further research needed to better understand the relationship between RLT and pain relief.
3. May Help With Sports Performance and Injury Recovery
Red light may stimulate your mitochondria (the energy powerhouse of cells), triggering an enzyme that drives up ATP (the “energy currency” of the cell according to StatPearls), which — in the end — benefits muscle growth and repair, according to research published in April 2020 in Frontiers in Sports and Active Living. Because of that, photobiomodulation treatment (PBM) with red or near-infrared lights before exercise may enhance muscle performance, heal muscle injury, and reduce post-workout pain and soreness, notes research published in AIMS Biophysics in 2017.
Again, these conclusions aren’t well-established. A review published in December 2021 in the journal Life points out that there are still questions about how to use these light therapies in terms of the right wavelengths and timing, depending on the sport, how to apply it to each muscle, and whether or how it translates into performance gains.
4. May Help Brain Health
One emerging possible benefit of red light therapy is in brain health — yes, applying light to your head via a helmet.
“There are striking studies that show photobiomodulation treatments [can potentially] improve neurocognition,” says Arany. PBM may not only reduce inflammation, but may also improve blood flow and oxygen to form new neurons and synapses in the brain, which may be helpful in people who have suffered traumatic brain injuries or strokes, according to an article published in the Journal of Neuroscience Research in April 2018.
According to research published in BBA Clinical in December 2016, scientists are still learning about when to give PBM treatment and if it can be used right after a brain injury or years later; still, it’s something to keep an eye on.
Another promising perk? Ongoing studies on the use of red and near-infrared light to treat symptoms following a concussion may turn up benefits, according to Concussion Alliance.
5. May Improve Wound Healing
From skin to oral wounds, red light may be used to improve healing. In these cases, red light would be applied to the wound area until it’s completely healed, says Arany. A small study out of Malaysia published in May 2021 in the International Journal of Lower Extremity Wounds shows that PBM may be used alongside standard care to close diabetic foot ulcers; preliminary research on animals published in July 2021 in Photobiomodulation, Photomedicine, and Laser Surgery suggests it may be useful for burns; and other research published in May 2022 in BMC Oral Health indicates PBM may help wound healing after oral surgery.
Furthermore, PBM may improve cell function, decrease inflammation and pain, spur tissue regeneration, and release growth factors, among other benefits, to speed healing, notes research published in October 2021 in International Journal of Molecular Science — larger studies and human studies are needed.
6. May Lessen Side Effects of Cancer Treatment
One possible side effect of chemotherapy or radiation therapy is oral mucositis, which is pain, sores, infection, and bleeding inside the mouth, according to the MedlinePlus. It’s well-established that PBM may prevent or treat this specific side effect, according to a systematic review published in August 2022 in Frontiers in Oncology.
In addition, PBM has been used successfully on skin damage from radiation treatments and lymphedema after mastectomy — and the light therapy did not cause any additional side effects, notes a review published in June 2019 in Oral Oncology.
PBM itself is being looked at as a potential future cancer treatment, because it may stimulate the body’s immune response or enhance other anti-cancer therapies to help kill cancer cells. More research is needed.
This content was originally published here.